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Office of Equal Opportunity & Sexual Harassment / Title IX Compliance
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University of California Santa Barbara
Title IX & Sexual Harassment Policy Compliance Office

Title IX Compliance

"No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance."
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
Implementing Regulations at: 20 U.S.C. § 1681 & 34 C.F.R. Part 106

Title IX Overview

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is a federal law intended to end sex discrimination in all areas of education. It applies to:

  • non-discrimination based on gender, applicable to all recipients of federal funds, whether a public or a private institution
  • issues of program equity, including but not limited to athletics programs
  • sexual harassment and sexual assault

Title IX & Athletics

Title IX gives colleges and schools three options for demonstrating that they provide equitable opportunities to both sexes. They include:

  • whether intercollegiate level participation opportunities for male and female students are provided in numbers substantially proportionate to their respective enrollments; or
  • where the members of one sex have been and are underrepresented within intercollegiate programs, whether the institution can show a history and continuing practice of program expansion which is demonstrably responsive to the developing interests and abilities of the members of that sex; or
  • where the members of one sex are underrepresented within intercollegiate programs, and the institution cannot show a history and continuing practice of program expansion as described above, whether it can be demonstrated that the interests and abilities of the members of that sex have been fully and effectively accommodated by the present program.

Moreover, NCAA Certification requires Division I schools to maintain five-year gender equity plans which demonstrate commitment to fair and equitable treatment of both male and female student-athletes and athletics department personnel. Division II and III schools are required to conduct a comprehensive self-study and evaluation of their intercollegiate athletics programs at least once every five years using the Institutional Self-Study Guide (ISSG).

Reporting a Complaint

If you believe you may be experiencing discrimination, exclusion from or denial of benefits of any program at UCSB, on the basis of your sex, gender or gender presentation, the TIX/SHPC is available to receive and respond to your complaint.

The TIX/SHPC offers a variety of complaint resolutions, including but not limited to:

  • Investigation
  • Referral to mediation, counseling or other appropriate campus resources
  • Education and training

As a result of the TIX/SHPC’s involvement, the following recommendations may be made:

  • Remedies for the complainant
  • Disciplinary action for the respondent
  • Education/training for individuals and/or departments
  • Policy updates, clarification and/or distribution
  • Reassignments
  • Protection from retaliation

The University prohibits retaliation against any faculty or staff employee, student or applicant who makes a Title IX complaint or participates in any manner in an investigation or resolution of a Title IX complaint.

Governmental Enforcement

Title IX is enforced by the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) of the U.S. Department of Education. OCR has authority to develop policy on the regulations it enforces. In regard to athletics programs, OCR developed an Intercollegiate Athletics Policy Interpretation that was issued December 11, 1979, 44 Fed. Reg. 71413 et seq (1979). The 1979 Policy Interpretation remains current policy. In general, courts defer to the policies of the agencies with enforcement authority.

Additional Resources